Wednesday, May 10, 2017

Digest for - 3 updates in 3 topics (Mark Brader): May 10 12:47AM -0500

These questions were written to be asked in Toronto on 2017-01-23,
and should be interpreted accordingly.
On each question you may give up to two answers, but if you give
both a right answer and a wrong answer, there is a small penalty.
Please post all your answers to the newsgroup in a single followup,
based only on your own knowledge. (In your answer posting, quote
the questions and place your answer below each one.) I will reveal
the correct answers in about 3 days.
All questions were written by members of 5 Easy Pieces and are
used here by permission, but have been reformatted and may have
been retyped and/or edited by me. For further information see
my 2016-11-26 companion posting on "Questions from the Canadian
Inquisition (QFTCI*)".
* Game 2, Round 4 - Science Frauds and Hoaxes
Frauds and hoaxes in science have had a long history, whether
it's a proclaimed perpetual-motion machine in early 19th-century
England or the "lying stones" (fake fossils) that two 18th-century
German professors convinced one of their colleagues were genuine,
including perfectly preserved copulating frogs. Here are some
more frauds and hoaxes.
1. The most famous fraud in paleoanthropology occurred in 1912 and
lasted 45 years before being definitively disproved. Charles
Dawson seemingly unearthed the missing link between apes
and humans. What was this specimen generally called?
2. Please decode the rot13 only after you have finished with the
previous question. Va 1999 guvf zntnmvar uryq n cerff pbasrerapr
gb naabhapr gur qvfpbirel bs gur ybat-fbhtug zvffvat yvax orgjrra
qvabfnhef naq oveqf. Jvgu gur jvatf naq obql bs n oveq naq
gur gnvy bs n qvabfnhe, jung pnzr gb or pnyyrq gur "Cvygqbja
puvpxra" jnf nyfb gur fhowrpg bs na rkgrafvir negvpyr va gur
fnzr zntnmvar. Gur zntnmvar choyvfurq n ergenpgvba 5 zbaguf
yngre naq nqzvggrq vg unq orra qhcrq. Anzr gur zntnmvar.
3. This 10-foot specimen was created by George Hull and discovered
in 1869 in New York State. It drew such large crowds that
P.T. Barnum tried to purchase it, and when he was turned down,
he made his own similar fake! A reporter wrote: "There's a
sucker born every minute", referring to the paying public.
Both fakes are still on display today. Name this "discovery".
4. This faked film footage was released in 1995 and was aired
on television in 33 countries. It garnered 11,700,000 viewers
for Fox TV. In 2007 the creator, Ray Santilli, admitted he had
faked it -- but insisted it was a re-creation of genuine footage
he had seen in 1992, which had deteriorated and become unusable!
Name the program.
5. This scientist is the subject of many hoax stories on the
Internet, most notably the invention of a "black box" that
harnessed cosmic energy and was used to power the first electric
car in 1931. Name the scientist.
6. In 1971 a government minister claimed to have found a Stone Age
tribe living in isolation. The Tasaday tribe made the cover of
"National Geographic" and was the subject of a bestselling book.
The tribe's location was made into a reserve and declared
off-limits to preserve its culture -- but in 1986 visiting
journalists found the tribe living in modern houses. Tribe
members then admitted they had moved to caves in the previous
decade and pretended to be Stone Age people under pressure from
a government minister. In what country did this take place?
7. As an April Fool's joke in 1957, this famous BBC current-events
series (still on the air today) showed a family in Switzerland
harvesting from a "spaghetti tree". Hundreds of British viewers
called in to find out how they could grow their own pasta.
Name the BBC series.
8. In 1998 this physician published an article in the journal
"The Lancet" linking autism to the MMR vaccine. It was later
uncovered that he had altered the data in his studies and had
taken a bribe from a lawyer planning on suing the vaccine
manufacturers. The physician was stripped of his medical
license, but the myth he started has been perpetuated by the
Internet. Name the perpetrator.
9. This hoax was likely created by sailors stitching together
parts of two animals. It arrived in New York City in 1842 and
created a sensation. P.T. Barnum had it on exhibit for a month,
and museum ticket sales tripled. Despite posters depicting
the creature's beauty, it was described as the very incarnation
of ugliness. What was the name of the creature in this hoax?
(Hint: it's more than one word.)
10. In 1799 the British Museum of Natural History received a
specimen of a creature that it labeled a hoax perpetrated by
sailors, likewise by stitching together parts of different
animals. But this one was no hoax -- what Australian animal
was it?
* Game 2, Round 6 - History - Events of 1917
1. On 1917-01-17, the United States finalized its $25,000,000
purchase from Denmark of which islands?
2. This woman was born on 1917-02-05. Immigrating to the United
States in 1941, she then went on to become a Hollywood celebrity,
though more well known for her extravagant lifestyle and numerous
marriages than her acting ability. She died in 2016 at age 99.
Name her.
3. On 1917-03-02, the US created which territory, making its
people US citizens?
4. On 1917-03-26, which now-defunct team became the first US-based
hockey team to win the Stanley Cup? City and team name required.
5. Which ruler abdicated the throne on 1917-03-15?
6. Which 6-day battle that cost more than 6,500 Canadians their
lives began on 1917-04-09?
7. On 1917-04-16, which man issued his radical April Theses?
8. On 1917-05-21, a great fire swept though which southern American
city, raging for 10 hours and destroying 1,900 structures?
9. On 1917-10-15, this mother of two was executed in France.
Who was she?
10. On 1917-12-06, what was the name of munitions ship that exploded
in Halifax harbor, creating the largest man-made explosion to
that date?
After completing the round, please decode the rot13: ba gur
frpbaq dhrfgvba, vs lbh bayl tnir gur fheanzr, tb onpx naq nqq
ure svefg anzr.
Mark Brader, Toronto | "No flames were used in the creation of | this message." -- Ray Depew
My text in this article is in the public domain. (Mark Brader): May 10 12:45AM -0500

Mark Brader:
> launched the successful careers of all its stars.
> 1. What was the name of the fictional town where the fictional
> SCTV broadcast from?
> 2. Hosers Bob and Doug McKenzie hosted what show?
"The Great White North". 4 for Joshua, Marc, Pete, and Dan.
> 3. Which actor portrayed "Human Sexual Response" host Dr. Cheryl
> Kinsey?
Andrea Martin.
> 4. Who played talk show host Sammy Maudlin?
Joe Flaherty. 4 for Marc.
> 5. What was the name of the promiscuous, boa-wearing entertainer
> portrayed by Catherine O'Hara? Full name, please.
Lola Heatherton. 4 for Marc.
> 6. What was the title of the soap opera that included the characters
> Billy McKay and Dr. William Wainwright?
"The Days of the Week".
> 7. What was the name of the animal-print-wearing station manager
> played by Andrea Martin? Full name, please.
Edith Prickley. 4 for Marc.
> 8. What was the name of John Candy's character, an unscrupulous TV
> personality who hosted shows like "Street Beef"? Full name,
> please.
Johnny LaRue. 4 for Marc.
> 9. Name the dance show hosted by Eugene Levy's character Rockin'
> Mel Slirrup.
"Mel's Rock Pile".
> 10. The two "SCTV" nightly newscasters were portrayed by Joe
> Flaherty and Eugene Levy. Flaherty played Floyd Robertson.
> What was the name of Levy's character? Full name, please.
Earl Camembert. 4 for Marc.
> Answers do not repeat.
> 1. Carl Pettersson, Thomas Bjørn, Thorbjorn Olesen, Henrik Stenson,
> David Lingmerth.
Golf. 4 for Erland, Peter, Calvin, and Pete.
> 2. Gustavo Kuerten, Guillermo Vilas, David Nalbandian, Nick Kyrgios.
Tennis. 4 for Joshua, Erland, Peter, Calvin, and Pete.
> 3. Horst Bulau, Matti Nykänen, Michael "Eddie" Edwards, Vinko
> Bogataj.
Ski jumping. 4 for Erland, Peter, Calvin, and Pete. 3 for Joshua.
> 4. Luca Cereda, Jeff Ware, Kenny Jonsson, Scott Pearson.
> 5. Lisa Leslie, Lauren Jackson, Diana Taurasi, Rebecca Lobo.
Basketball. 4 for Joshua, Peter, Jason, Calvin, and Pete.
> 6. Jill Officer, Kevin Martin, Brad Jacobs, Jennifer Jones.
Curling. 4 for Peter.
> 7. Mika Häkkinen, Jolyon Palmer, Max Verstappen, Valtteri Bottas.
Formula One car racing. 4 for Erland, Peter, Calvin, and Pete.
> 8. Bill Rodgers, Frank Shorter, Paula Radcliffe, Jerome Drayton.
Long-distance running. 4 for Joshua, Marc, Peter, Calvin, Pete,
and Dan.
> 9. Aqib Talib, Ahmad Rashad, Husain Abdullah, Ndamukong Suh
> ["En-DAHM-uh-kin Soo"].
(American) football. 4 for Joshua, Marc, Pete, and Dan.
> 10. Chris Johnson, Josh Johnson, Randy Johnson, Erik Johnson.
Baseball. 4 for Joshua, Marc, Peter, Pete, and Dan. 3 (oh, all
right, 4) for Calvin.
Scores, if there are no errors:
TOPICS-> Can Spo
Marc Dashevsky 24 12 36
Pete Gayde 4 32 36
Peter Smyth 0 32 32
"Calvin" 0 28 28
Joshua Kreitzer 4 23 27
Dan Tilque 4 12 16
Erland Sommarskog 0 16 16
Jason Kreitzer 0 4 4
Mark Brader | But I think we can do better next time. (Where the
Toronto | word "we" refers to [those] who do the hard work while | I sit back and complain...) -- Keith Thompson
My text in this article is in the public domain. May 09 06:24AM -0700

On Sunday, May 7, 2017 at 11:37:45 PM UTC+1, Mark Brader wrote:
> Question 1 is about math:
> 1. What is the numerical value of pi squared?
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